Milestones for speech

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0-3 months

  • Makes pleasure sounds (cooing, gooing).
  • Cries differently for different needs.
  • Smiles when sees you.

4 – 6 months

  • Babbling sounds more speech-like with many different sounds, including p, b and m.
  • Vocalizes excitement and displeasure.
  • Makes gurgling sounds when left alone and when playing with you.

7 – 12 months

  • Babbling has both long and short groups of sounds such as “tata upup bibibi”.
  • Uses speech or non-crying sounds to get and keep attention.
  • Imitates different speech sounds.
  • Has 1 or 2 words (bye-bye, dada, mama), although they may not be clear.

1 – 2 years

  • Says more words every month.
  • Uses some 1-2 word questions (“Where kitty?, “Go bye-bye?”, “What that?”).
  • Puts two words together (“More cookie”, “No juice”, “Mommy book”).
  • Uses many different consonant sounds at the beginning of words.

2 – 3 years

  • Has a word for almost everything
  • Uses two or three words to talk about and ask for things
  • Uses k, g, f, t, d, and n sounds
  • Speech is understood by familiar listeners most of the time
  • Often asks for or directs attention to objects by naming them.

3 – 4 years

  • Talks about activities at school or at friend’s homes.
  • People outside the family usually understand child’s speech.
  • Uses a lot of sentences that have 4 or more words.
  • Usually talks easily without repeating syllables or word.

4 – 5 years

  • Voice sounds clear like other children’s.
  • Uses sentences that give lots of details (e.g., “I like to read my books”).
  • Tells stories that stick to topic.
  • Communicates easily with other children and adults.
  • Says most sounds correctly except a few like l, s, v, z, j, ch, sh, th.
  • Uses the same grammar as the rest of the family.